Maternity Leave And Work Issues
If you are planning to become pregnant, you need information about the policies in your workplace. For instance, it is your employer's responsibility to inform you of any workplace reproductive hazards. Potential hazards include lead, ethylene oxide, ionizing radiation, and dibromochloropropane. Your policy manual should state your employer's policies regarding maternity leave and vacation time.
Your health care provider or midwife can inform you if you have special considerations for your pregnancy that will require extra visits, extra rest, or any work restrictions. Many women fear workplace discrimination regarding pregnancy, such as taking time for childcare and breastfeeding, but it is illegal for most employers to discriminate on these bases. If you develop problems during your pregnancy, your employer is required to treat your pregnancy like any other medical disability. This is part of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act.
Under the Family Medical Leave Act, employees are eligible for unpaid leave for illness or pregnancy and birth, and their group health benefits maintained if they:
- Have worked for their employer at least 12 months
- Have worked at least 1,250 hours over the past 12 months
- Work at a location where the company employs 50 or more people within 75 miles of that location
Eligibility is determined under the Fair Labor Standards Act.
Make sure you get the appropriate paperwork from your employer, and bring it to your health care provider.
Reviewed By: Irina Burd, MD, PhD, Maternal Fetal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.